Case Studies

Eurotubes 25409 - Case study report

Eurotubes Limited (Portland) 25409 – Vacuum twin tube furnace  

Commissioned November 2015

Eurotubes Limited needed a vacuum furnace to anneal their product that is a drawn wire ranging from 3mm to 10mm diameter and 1900mm long.  They needed the twin tube design because their production is a batch with a process time of over 30 hours.  They have the option to run two production batches either simultaneously or independently.

The maximum temperature of the furnace is 8000C with two 100mm diameter x 3000mm long quartz tubes – working volume is 100mm diameter x 1900mm long.  The tubes are heated in two separate heating zones that can be operated independently to each other. The two quartz tubes are connected to a single rotary vane vacuum pump that can deliver a vacuum of10x-2mbar.  There is a door on each tube for rapid access into each tube either for loading or unloading.  The controls are Eurotherm and the temperature of the furnace is data logged on a Eurotherm Nanodac recorder.

 Front view showing the door to each tube128 Eurotubes end view resize 635917335447047034

Front view showing the door to each tube     Rear view showing the vacuum pump control

Holts 24601 - Case study report

Holt Brothers Limited (Halifax) 24601 – Vertical split furnace  

Overall 002 front view resize 635917301650305429Commissioned December 2015

Almor secured an order in from Holt Brothers Limited (HBL) based in Halifax for heat treatment equipment comprising of a 5 metre high vertical split furnace that was designed and built by Almor. 

HBL are specialist in the heat treatment industry for large shafts for use in the North Sea oil and gas rigs. HBL needed to procure a new heat treatment plant for a customer who specifically needs to heat treat shafts up to 5 metres in length but in the vertical position. It is common practice in the industry to heat treat these shafts in the horizontal position as it is easier to heat treat this way but the customer standard required a vertical orientation.

The new equipment had to be engineered with the top section made as a clamp shell (two doors that open) and the bottom section as a solid circular construction with a re-circulating fan.  The reason for this type of construction is for ease of product loading due to factory space limitations and for rapid cooling.   

The customer needed a very fast temperature cool down rate to assist with the process but also to improve production time.  The lid is removed from the top of the furnace at maximum temperature and the doors open below 200 deg C.  The furnace uses low thermal mass insulation and for example will heat a 500kg load to 550 deg C, dwell at temperature for one hour and cool to ambient in a total of 4.5 hours.

3D CAD drawing of the furnace positioned in the pit at the customer site

Overall 010 front view open 2 resize 635917300075458639The furnace meets AMS 2750E class 3 and has instrumentation type B.  The maximum temperature is rates at 6250C with a working volume of 5000mm high x 800mm diameter.  Air re-circulation with a fan in the base and two zone control. 

The product is suspended from a support frame mounted at the top of the chamber and the lid lifts off for rapid cooling.  The support frame is expected to deflect (sag) with time and therefore a special design was adopted that enabled the support frame to be turned upside down and be used in two orientations

3D CAD generated front view of complete furnace (doors open)      

Front photograph of furnace                 

Holts front view (during construction) resize 635917312234948993Image VFC 8.51X resize 635917306275209751  

3D CAD drawing superimposed onto a site photograph showing the support frame (in blue)

 Overall 006 top view resize 635917313762247438

3D CAD drawing showing the doors open, support frame and base with the fan assembly and lid removed for clarity.